KRAS Mutations (DNA)

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General Information

Lab Name
KRAS Mutations
Lab Code
KRAS
Epic Ordering
KRAS MUTATIONS
Description

Please note that KRAS Mutations is intended for solid tumors, for testing related to hematologic malignancies, please order - Heme Single Gene by NGS [HCAPSG]. Consultation with a Director can be requested to determine the appropriate testing. Please contact the laboratory at 206-598-6429 for further questions.

This test detects mutations in exons 2, 3, and 4 of the KRAS gene, which includes codons 12, 13, 59, 61, 117, and 146. Acquired KRAS mutations at these codons are associated with resistance to drugs that target the epidermal growth factor receptor (including cetuximab and panitumumab). This test can normally detect a heterozygous mutation if it is present in more than about 5% of the cells in the sample.

References
  • Karapetis CS, et al. K-ras mutations and benefit from cetuximab in advanced colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 2008, 359:1757-65. 18946061
  • Lièvre A, et al. KRAS mutations as an independent prognostic factor in patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab. J Clin Oncol 2008, 26:374-9. 18202412
  • Also see correspondence for a good meta-analysis: J Clin Oncol 2008;26:2601-2602.
Forms & Requisitions

Genetics Requisition

Synonyms
Extended RAS, GYNPTH, Gynecological Oncology Pathway, K-RAS, Ki-Ras, NGS, Ras, cetuximab, colorectal cancer, erbitux, lung, lung cancer, metastatic colon cancer gene testing, panitumumab, thor, thorplex, vectibix
Components

Interpretation

Method

Next-generation sequencing.

The KRAS gene is sequenced and analyzed for mutations, including in KRAS codons 12, 13, 61, 117, and 146. This test can normally detect a heterozygous mutation if it is present in more than about 5% of the cells in the sample. This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by the Department of Laboratory Medicine at the University of Washington.

Reference Range
See individual components
Ref. Range Notes

Results will be reported as either positive or negative for mutation.

References
  • Karapetis CS, et al. K-ras mutations and benefit from cetuximab in advanced colorectal cancer. N Engl J Med 2008, 359:1757-65. 18946061
  • Lièvre A, et al. KRAS mutations as an independent prognostic factor in patients with advanced colorectal cancer treated with cetuximab. J Clin Oncol 2008, 26:374-9. 18202412
  • Also see correspondence for a good meta-analysis: J Clin Oncol 2008;26:2601-2602.
Guidelines

Ordering & Collection

Specimen Type
Tumor Tissue, Purified DNA, accompanied by a PATHOLOGY REPORT for the tested tissue.
Collection

Requirements for Specimen Selection

  • To ensure clinically relevant results, the most recent and/or metastatic sample is preferred to older specimens, provided sufficient tumor is present (see point 2).
  • To ensure detection of all types of mutations there should be at least 10% tumor cells in the tissue area processed for DNA for mutation detection and 20% tumor cells for microsatellite instability evaluation. If there is more than one tissue block, please provide the block that has the greatest percentage of neoplastic nuclei.
  • Tissue samples and pathology reports will be reviewed by directors upon receipt for acceptability prior to testing. Director consultation for tissue selection is available if needed (contact Genetics lab).

Specimen Types

Tissue samples

Send one of the following:

  1. Slides: 1 slide at 4-micron thickness stained with hematoxylin-and-eosin (H&E) AND 10 unstained, non-baked slides at 10-micron thickness (a minimum of 5 unstained slides is acceptable). Unstained slides can be on charged or uncharged slides.
  2. Tissue Blocks: Provide complete formalin-fixed tissue block containing tumor tissue. Tissue block will be returned at completion of testing.
  3. Fresh/frozen tissue: 5 microgram tissue in cell culture medium or frozen tissue stored at -20C. Tumor percentage will not be determined prior to sequencing studies.

NOTE: In order to ensure that enough DNA is obtained, the minimum acceptable tissue area is 10 square millimeters when ten 10-micron slides are supplied (1 cubic millimeter of tissue).

Purified DNA

5 micrograms ANDa reference hematoxylin-and-eosin (H&E) stained slide and pathology report required.

Bone Marrow

1 to 2 mL Bone Marrow in LAVENDER TOP (EDTA) tube

Blood

6 mL blood in LAVENDER TOP (EDTA) tube.

Alternative specimens may be acceptable with approval (contact: 206-598-1149).

For ADD-ON after prior testing, contact Genetics lab.

Unacceptable samples

We cannot accept decalcified samples or tissue samples treated with fixatives other than formalin.

Quantity:

Requested:

  • Tissue: 10 unstained slides (10-micron thickness) plus one H&E-stained slide.
  • Extracted DNA: 5 microgram Bone Marrow: 2 mL
  • Blood: 6 mL

Minimum:

  • Tissue: 5 unstained slides (10-micron thickness) plus one H&E-stained slide.
  • Extracted DNA: 100-250 nanograms Bone Marrow: 1 mL
  • Blood: 3 mL
Forms & Requisitions

Genetics Requisition

Handling Instructions

Attach a copy of the pathology report for the tumor sample being submitted.

Hold slides or tissue blocks at room temperature.

Outside Laboratories: Ship at room temperature.

Stability: unstained slides or tissue blocks stable at room temperature for at least 2 years

Quantity
requested: Amounts as noted above
minimum: Amounts as noted above

Processing

Processing

Performance

LIS Dept Code
Genetics (GEN)
Performing Location(s)
UW-MT Genetics

Attention: Genetics Lab
Clinical lab, Room NW220
University of Washington Medical Center
1959 NE Pacific Street
Seattle, WA 98195

Tel: 206-598–6429 M–F (7:30 AM–4:00 PM)
Fax: 206-598–0304
Lab email: genelab@uw.edu

Tel (EXOME only): 206-543-0459

Manager

Rebecca Gaulin, rgaulin@uw.edu

Genetic Counselors

Angela Jacobson, MS, LGC agibson@uw.edu
Sarah Paolucci, MA, MS, LGC, spaolucc@uw.edu
Jenna Huey, MS, LGC, jlhuey@uw.edu
Sandra Coe, MS,LGC, scoe20@uw.edu
Dru Leistritz, MS, LGC, dru2@uw.edu (EXOME testing only)

Variant Review Scientist

Ankita Jhuraney, PhD

Faculty

Colin C. Pritchard, MD, PhD
Brian H. Shirts, MD, PhD
Christina Lockwood, PhD, DABCC
Stephen Salipante, MD, PhD
Eric Konnick, MD, MS
Niklas Krumm, MD,PhD
Vera Paulson, MD, PhD
Jillian Buchan, PhD, FACMG

Frequency
Run at least once a week; results within 2 weeks from specimen receipt
Available STAT?
No

Billing & Coding

CPT codes
81275, 81276
Billing Comments

For pricing information, contact Client Support Services 206-520-4600 or 800-713-5198.

LOINC
21703-4