Hepatitis C RNA Genotyping by PCR

single page view

General Information

Lab Name
Hepatitis C RNA Genotyping_PCR
Lab Code
Epic Ordering
Hepatitis C RNA Genotyping by PCR

The Abbott real-time FDA approved HCV assay genotypes the Hepatitis C virus by real-time PCR amplification. The six major HCV genotypes have at least one genotype-specific single-nucleotide polymorphism in the 5' non-coding region HCV RNA in the patient’s sample is amplified with 9 separate allele-specific primer/probe sets at the 5’ UTR and NS5b regions of the virus. RNA is added by the instrument into 3 different mixes (A, B, and C) using the Genotype II kit. Based on which genotype(s) is/are present, there will be signal from the probe in either A, B, or C, or a combination. There are six major genotypes of HCV, with numerous characterized subtypes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. The RNA concentration detected with a probability of 95% or greater of the Genotype assay is 500 IU/mL (2.70 log IU/mL). About 7% of samples are unable to be genotyped, either due to the lack of specific signal or to the interpretation of a mixed signal. These samples will require Sanger sequencing of the amplicon to determine the genotype.

For HCV quantitation, see Hepatitis C RNA, Quantitative [HCVQNT].

HCV Genotyping, Hep C Genotype



Real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction.

Reference Range
See individual components

Ordering & Collection

Specimen Type

Blood: 5 mL blood in PPT (PEARL TOP) tube.

Also Acceptable: 5 mL blood in GOLD SST, RED, or EDTA (LAVENDAR TOP) tube.

Unacceptable samples: Plasma collected in sodium or lithium heparin.

Note: Separate specimens MUST be submitted when both Viral Culture/Serology and PCR testing are ordered.

Handling Instructions
requested: 2.0 mL
minimum: 1 mL



Blood: Separate serum or plasma from whole blood within 6 hours of collection. Freeze plasma at -10°C or colder and ship on dry ice. Serum or plasma may be stored at 2-8°C (ice pack) for up to 48 hours from collection. Do not freeze/thaw.

Outside Laboratory: Ship samples on dry ice. If freezer and/or dry ice is not available, ship immediately at 2-8°C (ice pack). Shipment time must not exceed 48 hours from collection. Sample may be stored at 2-8°C (ice pack) for up to 48 hours of collection. Samples stored at 2-8°C greater than 48 hours old may be rejected. Do not freeze/thaw.

Transport Temperature


LIS Dept Code
Virology, Eastlake (EVIR)
Performing Location(s)
Other Virology, Molecular

Virology Laboratory, Ste 320
1616 Eastlake Ave E.
Seattle, WA 98102

Wednesday (volume dependent). Results next day.
Available STAT?

Billing & Coding

CPT codes